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Khanna - A Town of Ludhiana

KhannaKhanna is an olden town situated on the historic Grand Trunk Road (National Highway No 1), 45 km southeast of Ludhiana, in Punjab. It is considered the biggest grain market in Asia. Khanna is a few kilometers northwest of Mandi Gobindgarh in Fatehgarh Sahib District. Khanna is mainly popular as Asia’s largest grain mandi, there are 250 arhtiyas or licensed commission agents, selling 10 lakh tonnes of wheat in a season. Khanna is an ancient town, which came into existence 500 years back. History reveals that Sher Shah Suri built a number of Sarais (inns) at every 12 to 15 miles along Delhi Lahore road. One of the Sarais was built in this area that is still known as Purani Sarai. After the decline of mughal rule in Punjab Banda Bahadur captured the area from Sirhind to Hoshiarpur. After that a jathedar of Dahedu controlled and occupied the whole of area from Dahedu to Nabha. He married his daughter Daya Kaur to king of Nabha.Khanna When a family dispute arose between king of Nabha and Rani Daya Kaur she left Nabha for good and came back to Dahedu her parental home. According to Indian conventions she could not remain with her parents forever.

Therefore, her father cut out a KANA, which signifies a small portion of territory between Dahedu and Nabha. With passage of time word KANA came to be known as KHANNA. The original area of Khanna is chotta khanna while the modern extension is now called Khanna.



Climate
The Climate here is typical of Punjab plain i.e. very hot in summer and very cold in winter. KhannaThe Khanna city is generally dry and hot, with monsoon lasting three months. Both summer and winter are severe. The annual average rainfall is 688mm. On an average there are 61 rainy days. The variation in rainfall is appreciable. The month of May is the hottest with the mean monthly maximum temperature of 43.1o Celsius. January is the coldest month with mean monthly minimum temperature of 2.1o Celsius. The year may be divided into four seasons. The period from about middle of November to February is the cold season. This is followed by the summer season from March to about the end of June. The southwest monsoon season commences late in June and continues up to about middle of September. The period from mid September to the middle of November constitutes the post-monsoon or transition season.



Cities Around Khanna

AMLOH- 12 KM from Khanna. Amloh town is also a Block as well as Tehsil Headquarter of Distt. Fatehgarh Sahib. This block consists of 100 (Revenue Estates) villages. The total area of the block is 26,893 hectares. Paddy and wheat are the main crops of the block. A sugar mill viz. Nahar Sugar & Allied Industries Ltd. has started functioning at village Khumna near Amloh on Khanna - Amloh road due to which the cropping pattern of the block has changed. The block has adequate irrigation facilities. All the villages of the block have been allotted among 13 branches of commercial banks under Service Area Approach. Besides, 8 branches of commercial banks are functioning at Mandi Gobindgarh. The block has 4 branches of Fatehgarh Sahib Central Coop. bank Ltd. and 1 branch of Primary Agritural Land Development Bank at Amloh.

KHAMANO- 10 KM from Khanna. Khamano town is also Block as well as Tehsil headquarter of Distt. Fatehgarh Sahib. This block consists of 76 villages. Being the smallest block of the district, it has an area of 19,593 hectares. This block is devoid of any major industry and is purely rural based. Paddy and wheat are the main crops of the block, which has adequate irrigation facilities. The famous Archaeological Works of heritage of India are located at village Sanghol, which is a part of this block. All the villages of the block have been allocated to 8 branches of Commercial bank under service area approach, 7 branches of Fatehgarh Sahib Central Coop. Bank Ltd. and 1 branch of Primary Agriculture Land Development Bank are also functioning in the block.

MANDI GOBINDGARH- 3 KM from Khanna. This town is the Sub-Tehsil of Distt. Fatehgarh Sahib, which is also known as the Steel Town of India and is having a large number of steel rolling mills. 205 rolling mills are serving 25% of the secondary steel requirement of the country. There are abount 40 Induction Furnaces producing raw materials for rolling mills. There are about 15 forging units catering to the needs of Steel rolling, sugar and paper industries. There are 40 units which manufactures rolling mills parts and 5 units manufacture rolling mill plants on turn key basis.