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Doraha - A Town of Ludhiana
Doraha is situated on G.T. Road, between Ludhiana & Khanna. It was known as “Kiasabad Chaurasi” Main Railway Line and Sirhind canal passes in the centre of the city. It is the main market of timber in Punjab. This is the last city of Patiala Riast. This city has the foot touch of the 6th Guru of Sikhism Sh. Hargobind Ji. Relating to him here are four places known as Gurudwara Damdama Sahib. There are two Pata’s on the name of Gurudwara Sahib. One is of 568 Bigha and other is 70 Bighas. This Pata is written by Sh. Lakhi Chand is Samat 1695 on a piece of Iron. Second Pata is of 70 Bighas written in 1685 on the piece of Brass by Doraha Town.
At the time of AurangJeb, its military came here to spread the Muslim Religion. The Sikhs living here gave their sacrifice & the Hindus accepted Muslim Religion. The Pata’s of the above said land went in the hands of New Muslim families. Out of these new Muslim families there were two brothers known as Chuha & Muha. At the time of Partition of India in 1947 before going to Pakistan they came to Saint Kishan Singh along with above said two Pata’s & requested them to taken back in Sikhism. Saint Kishan Singh Ji took the Pata’s but refused to be back in Sikhism. Saint Kishan Singh to which community belongs, nothing is written. The representatives of Chuha-Muha, were Doha & Raha. Doha started living some other place & Raha started to live here. After him, the city began to be called as Doraha.
Some people say that when 6th Guru Ji came here along with 52 Pahari Raja’s from Jail, and rested for a night here. On next morning Guru Ji went to Ghudani and Raja's went to their Rajdhani's (Capital's). In this way the city was called Doraha. Some people say that when people went on foot to flow the Residual Bones. They rested at night in the Saran & on the next morning some went to Kirat Pur Sahib & some to Haridwar. So it was called Doraha. Some say that all the Forts have only one Door. Only the Fort in Doraha has two doors. There for this reason it is called Doraha.
Katani Kalan the ideal village
OFF the countless villages in Punjab, Katani Kalan, can be counted as an exception. Possessing almost every basic requirement, it is an ideal village to live in.
The village is 500 years old and situated at a distance of 8 km from Doraha Mandi. Covering an area of 600 bighas and having a population of approximately 10,000 Katani Kalan is famous among the nearby villages for its touches of modernity. The oldest temple of the village is the Shiv Mandir, which is 350 years old, and where festivals like Shivratri, Janmashtami, etc are celebrated with great enthusiasm by the whole village, leaving aside all caste and religious barriers. The famous Gurdwara Degsar Sahib is also in this village.
Of the total population, 90 per cent are literate. Of these, 40 per cent are graduates. There is no dearth of schools in the village. There is a higher secondary school for girls, a high school for boys, a primary school and two model schools. Nearly 1500 children are on the rolls of these schools and with the construction of the able staff, these educational institutions are ideal centres of study. The village also has a civil hospital of 25 beds where facilities like X-ray and ECG are available. Although occasionally the availability of medicines is erratic the staff is regular while on duty and diligent at work. A veterinary hospital is also run here.
Katani Kalan also has a kalyan centre meant for giving free coaching in stitching, knitting, embroidery, cooking, etc to scheduled caste girls. The centre supplies every thing required for the purpose. Not only this, every student is provided with a free sewing, machine after the completion of the course. Apart from all this there is a bus stand, an electricity board, a filling station, two banks and four dharamshalas in the village. A six-worker force provided by the government and assisted by two members of the panchayat undertakes regular cleaning of the village. Katani Kalan is today self-sufficient with the looks of a small town.
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