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Soil Museum, PAU

Soil MuseumSoils Museum located in the Department of Soils is one of its kinds in Northern India depicting detailed information about the soil resources of Punjab State based upon research carried out in the Department. The work of Soils Museum was initiated in the 1970 at the instance of Dr. M.S.Randhawa, then the Vice-Chancellor of the University. It was, however, inaugurated on 20th April 1985 by Dr. NS Randhawa, Director General, ICAR & Secretary, Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Government of India. The museum has six levels (floors), the first three levels depict the soils as they occur in nature whereas the other levels are related with soil fertility. Soil maps of World, India and Punjab, monoliths of representative soils profiles of Punjab, specimens of rocks and minerals, atomic structure model of minerals etc. are shown in the museum. The problem of soil erosion in Kandi belt of Punjab and different steps of reclamation technique of salt affected soils are presented in painting and models. Exhibits relating to water quality and soil fertility management with emphasis on role of soil and water testing, judicious use of fertilizers and symptoms of nutrient deficiency are also displayed. The museum serves as a tool for teaching and research in the field of soil and water conservation, fertility management and soil resource inventory. Young farmers, Officials from State Agriculture Department and students from other State Agriculture University often visit to the museum for updating their knowledge.

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